An injection mould tool has two major purposes:
1. It is the cavity into which the molten plastic is injected.
2. The surface of the tool acts as a heat exchanger, as the injected material solidifies with contact.
Injection mould designs differ depending on the type of material and component being moulded. Mould tool design and component design are equally important considerations for success. Component design is beyond the scope of this book but the various tooling, gating, temperature control and ejection systems that make up the mould tool will be considered here. After parts are injection moulded they must be ejected. A variety of mechanisms can be employed such as ejector pins, sleeves, plates or rings.